Road Management & Engineering Journal
Road Management & Engineering Journal
April, 2000
TranSafety, Inc.
(360) 683-6276
Fax: (360) 335-6402

Fatality Facts 1998: General

(This article is reproduced, with permission, from the website of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety at http://www.highwaysafety.org.)

Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among Americans 1-34 years old. According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, the total societal cost of crashes exceeds $150 billion annually. Contributing to the death toll are alcohol, speed, and various other driver behaviors plus the kinds of vehicles people drive and the roads on which they travel.

In 1975, the US Department of Transportation started an annual census of motor vehicle deaths, recording information on crash type, vehicle type, road type, driver characteristics, and a variety of other factors. Institute researchers analyze these data each year to quantify the public health problem of motor vehicle deaths.

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System:

VEHICLE TYPES

CRASH TYPES

AGE AND GENDER

TABLES

MOTOR VEHICLE DEATHS PER 100,000 PEOPLE, 1998 
Age Male Female All
<13 5 3 4
13-15 9 7 8
16-19 38 20 30
20-24 41 13 27
25-29 29 10 20
30-34 23 9 16
35-39 22 10 16
40-44 20 9 14
45-49 20 9 14
50-54 19 8 14
55-59 19 9 14
60-64 19 10 14
65-69 20 12 16
70-74 23 15 19
75-79 29 18 23
80-84 42 21 29
>=85 53 17 28

MOTOR VEHICLE OCCUPANT, PEDESTRIAN, MOTORCYCLE, AND BICYCLE DEATHS BY YEAR

  Car Occupants Pickup/
Utility Vehicle Occupants
Cargo/Large
Passenger Van Occupants
Tractor Trailer Occupants Other
Large Truck Occupants
Motor-
cyclist
Bicy-
clists
Pedes-
trians
 Other Total 
1975 25,715 4,166 720 660 256 3,106 1,003 7,516 1,383 44,525
1976 26,163 4,841 720 809 291 3,232 914 7,427 1,126 45,523
1977 26,698 5,282 843 915 314 4,004 922 7,732 1,168 47,878
1978 27,898 6,018 1,007 968 347 4,448 892 7,795 958 50,331
1979 27,518 6,414 1,094 1,008 364 4,712 932 8,096 955 51,093
1980 27,282 6,645 1,069 867 316 4,955 965 8,070 922 51,091
1981 26,406 6,303 1,002 832 250 4,737 936 7,837 998 49,301
1982 23,144 5,664 848 720 197 4,267 864 7,331 910 43,945
1983 22,801 5,608 745 733 227 4,099 830 6,826 720 42,589
1984 23,482 5,824 788 853 187 4,425 838 7,025 835 44,257
1985 23,076 5,989 783 747 194 4,415 869 6,808 944 43,825
1986 24,880 6,533 811 689 203 4,309 929 6,779 954 46,087
1987 25,115 7,127 903 654 167 3,832 940 6,745 907 46,390
1988 25,825 7,440 840 706 180 3,491 901 6,870 834 47,087
1989 25,269 7,423 907 643 179 3,030 822 6,556 753 45,582
1990 24,413 7,528 770 503 181 3,128 853 6,482 741 44,599
1991 22,738 7,397 675 448 202 2,702 836 5,801 709 41,508
1992 21,824 6,874 759 412 168 2,291 717 5,549 656 39,250
1993 22,117 7,168 709 423 167 2,346 806 5,649 765 40,150
1994 22,622 7,420 778 453 205 2,215 796 5,489 738 40,716
1995 23,124 7,983 806 443 191 2,138 828 5,584 720 41,817
1996 23,426 8,146 781 426 176 2,077 761 5,449 823 42,065
1997 23,162 8,358 823 481 236 2,056 811 5,321 765 42,013
1998 22,284 8,609 808 498 228 2,216 758 5,220 850 41,471

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF PASSENGER VEHICLE OCCUPANT DEATHS BY VEHICLE AND CRASH TYPE, 1998
  Single-Vehicle Multivehicle
Car 40 60
Pickup truck 57 43
Utility vehicle 65 35
Cargo/large passenger van 49 51

PASSENGER VEHICLE OCCUPANT DEATHS BY CRASH TYPE AND POINT OF PRINCIPAL IMPACT, 1998
  Single-Vehicle Multivehicle Total
Frontal impact 6,637 9,238 15,875
Side impact      

Right

1,369 3,106 4,475

Left

1,522 3,485 5,007
Rear 355 1,033 1,388
Top or undercarriage 929 212 1,141
No impact 3,026 17 3,043
Other/unknown 585 187 772
Total 14,423 17,278 31,701



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